Relative Ability of UHF Antenna and VHF Capacitor Methods to Detect Partial Discharge in Turbine Generator Stator Windings

Published Jun 5th, 2018 IEEE-TDEI 2015 - G. C. Stone, C. Chan and H. G. Sedding

IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation Vol. 22, No. 6; December 2015

On-line partial discharge (PD) monitoring is widely used to detect stator winding insulation deterioration. The most common type of on-line PD sensor for turbine generators is the 80 pF capacitive coupler installed at the machine terminals which detects the PD in the very high frequency (VHF) range. More recently, ultra high frequency (UHF) antennae have also been used to detect stator winding PD in large turbine generators. Both types of sensors have been installed in 16 turbine generators. This paper discusses the results from near simultaneous measurements from both types of sensors on the same machines. It was expected that the UHF sensors would have stronger discrimination of the electrical disturbances internal to the machine compared to the VHF sensors, but the VHF sensors would be more sensitive to PD. As expected, the VHF sensors were generally more corrupted by electrical disturbances. However, in about half of the machines investigated here, the UHF sensors were significantly more sensitive than the VHF sensors. Many examples of phase-resolved PD patterns that illustrate these findings are presented.

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